Women Position in Islam - Role of Women in Islam

Women Position in Islam - Role & Status of Women in Islam. What does the Quran say about the position of women? Muslim Views on Women in Society.

Position Of Women in Islam - The status of women in Islam

In Islam, women hold a significant position and are considered equal to men in terms of their spiritual and moral status. The Quran and the Hadith, which are the primary sources of Islamic teachings, emphasize the importance of treating women with respect and kindness, and of providing them with equal opportunities and rights. However, despite the clear guidance provided by Islamic teachings, there have been various cultural and social practices that have led to discrimination and mistreatment of women in some Muslim societies. In this article, we will explore the position of women in Islam, their rights and responsibilities, and the challenges they face in various Muslim societies.

The Quranic View on Women:

The Quran, the holy book of Muslims, contains many verses that emphasize the importance of treating women with kindness and respect. In Surah An-Nisa (4:19), the Quran says, “O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them – perhaps you dislike a thing and Allah makes therein much good.” This verse highlights the importance of treating women with kindness and not to use them as objects for personal gain.

The Quran also recognizes the equal spiritual status of men and women. In Surah Al-Ahzab (33:35), it says, “Indeed, the Muslim men and Muslim women, the believing men and believing women, the obedient men and obedient women, the truthful men and truthful women, the patient men and patient women, the humble men and humble women, the charitable men and charitable women, the fasting men and fasting women, the men who guard their private parts and the women who do so, and the men who remember Allah often and the women who do so – for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a great reward.” This verse clearly states that both men and women are equal in the eyes of Allah, and their deeds and piety are what determine their spiritual status.

The Quran also emphasizes the importance of education and knowledge, which is a basic right of every individual, regardless of gender. In Surah Al-Zumar (39:9), the Quran says, “Say: ‘Are those equal, those who know and those who do not know?’ It is those who are endued with understanding that receive admonition.” This verse emphasizes the importance of acquiring knowledge and understanding, and it applies to both men and women.

Rights of Women in Islam

Islam recognizes the rights and responsibilities of both men and women. Women in Islam have been given rights that were not granted to them in many other societies at the time of the religion’s inception. Islamic teachings emphasize the equality of men and women, although there are differences in their roles and responsibilities.

Rights of Women in Islam:

  1. The right to education: Islam encourages both men and women to seek knowledge. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim”. This applies equally to women, and Islam has always recognized the importance of women’s education.

  2. The right to work: Islam allows women to work and earn a living. The Prophet’s first wife, Khadijah, was a successful businesswoman. Islamic law also requires men to provide financial support for their wives and children, but it does not prohibit women from working outside the home.

  3. The right to own property: Women in Islam have the right to own property and to control their own wealth. This right was granted to them over 1,400 years ago, at a time when women in many other societies had no property rights.

  4. The right to inheritance: Islamic law guarantees women the right to inherit from their parents, spouses, and other relatives. The share of inheritance for women is determined by Islamic law and is generally equal to that of men.

  5. The right to choose a spouse: Islam recognizes the importance of consent in marriage, and women have the right to choose their own husbands. Forced marriages are not allowed in Islam.

  6. The right to divorce: Islam allows women to initiate divorce, although the process is more complicated than for men. A woman can only initiate divorce under certain circumstances, such as if her husband is abusive or neglectful.

  7. The right to participate in public life: Women in Islam are encouraged to participate in public life, including in politics and community affairs. The Prophet’s wife, Aisha, was a renowned scholar and leader in her own right, and many other women have played important roles in Islamic history.

Responsibilities of Women in Islam

  1. The responsibility to pray: Women, like men, are required to perform the five daily prayers.

  2. The responsibility to fast: Women are required to fast during the month of Ramadan, like men.

  3. The responsibility to give charity: Women, like men, are encouraged to give to charity and to help those in need.

  4. The responsibility to raise children: Women are considered the primary caretakers of children in Islam. They are responsible for their children’s upbringing and education, and for instilling Islamic values in them.

  5. The responsibility to maintain modesty: Islam requires both men and women to dress modestly and to behave in a way that is respectful to others.

  6. The responsibility to maintain family ties: Women are encouraged to maintain ties with their families, especially with their parents and siblings.

Islam recognizes the rights and responsibilities of women in a way that was not seen in many other societies at the time of the religion’s inception. Women in Islam have the right to education, work, property ownership, inheritance, marriage, divorce, and participation in public life. They also have responsibilities to pray, fast, give to charity, raise children, maintain modesty, and maintain family ties. These rights and responsibilities are meant to empower women and to ensure their well-being, both in this life and in the hereafter.