Eid Ul Fitr - Eid Al Fitr
Celebrating EID UL FITR - Islamic Festivals - Significance of Eid Ul Fitar
Eid Ul Fitr - Eid Al Fitr - Significance of Eid Ul Fitr
Eid al-Fitr, also known as the Festival of Breaking the Fast, is one of the most important religious holidays celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of the month of Ramadan, a holy month of fasting, prayer, and reflection. Eid al-Fitr is a time of joy, gratitude, and generosity, as Muslims gather to offer prayers, exchange gifts, share meals with family and friends, and give to charity. The significance of Eid al-Fitr can be traced back to the early days of Islam, when the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) established the tradition of fasting during the month of Ramadan. Fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, and it is considered a spiritual and physical discipline that helps Muslims to purify their souls, strengthen their faith, and develop empathy and compassion for those in need.
Eid al-Fitr is a celebration of the blessings of Ramadan and the grace of Allah, who has enabled Muslims to complete the month-long fast and engage in acts of worship and charity. It is also a time to express gratitude for the food, water, shelter, and other blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us, and to share those blessings with others through acts of generosity and kindness. The festivities of Eid al-Fitr begin with the sighting of the new moon, which marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of the Islamic month of Shawwal. Muslims typically gather at mosques or in public spaces to offer special prayers, known as Eid prayers, which consist of two rak’ahs (cycles) and are led by an imam. The prayers are followed by a sermon, or khutbah, in which the imam reminds Muslims of the teachings of Islam and encourages them to continue their spiritual journey beyond Ramadan.
After the prayers, Muslims exchange greetings and well wishes with one another, saying “Eid Mubarak” or “Blessed Eid” to convey their joy and blessings. It is also common for Muslims to give gifts to family members, friends, and colleagues as a sign of love and appreciation. In many cultures, special sweets and dishes are prepared for the occasion, such as baklava, qatayef, samosas, and biryani.
Another important aspect of Eid al-Fitr is the practice of zakat al-fitr, or the “fast-breaking charity.” This is a form of charity that is obligatory for all Muslims, and it is typically given before the Eid prayers. The purpose of zakat al-fitr is to ensure that even the poorest members of the community can enjoy the festivities of Eid and have enough food to eat. The amount of zakat al-fitr is calculated based on the price of staple food items in the local area, and it typically amounts to a few dollars per person.
In addition to zakat al-fitr, Muslims are encouraged to give to charity during Eid al-Fitr as a way of expressing gratitude for the blessings of Ramadan and sharing those blessings with others. Many organizations and mosques organize special Eid charity drives, which provide food, clothing, and other essentials to those in need. Eid al-Fitr is also a time of forgiveness and reconciliation, as Muslims are encouraged to seek forgiveness from Allah and from one another for any wrongdoings committed during Ramadan or throughout the year. This is an opportunity for Muslims to reflect on their relationships with Allah and with their fellow human beings, and to renew their commitment to living a life of compassion, justice, and righteousness.
In conclusion, Eid al-Fitr is a joyous and significant occasion for Muslims around the world. It is a time to celebrate the blessings of Ramadan, express gratitude to Allah, and share those blessings with others through acts of charity and generosity. It is also an opportunity to strengthen our faith, renew our commitment to living.
Why and how is Eid Ul Fitr celebrated?
Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated as a mark of the end of the holy month of Ramadan, which is the month of fasting and spiritual reflection for Muslims all around the world. The festival is celebrated on the first day of the month of Shawwal, which is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. It is a time of joy and happiness, where Muslims come together to celebrate their faith and share the blessings of the month of Ramadan.
The celebrations of Eid-ul-Fitr start with the sighting of the moon on the last day of Ramadan. Muslims around the world eagerly wait for the announcement of the moon sighting by their respective religious authorities. Once the announcement is made, preparations for Eid-ul-Fitr begin in full swing.
On the day of Eid, Muslims wake up early in the morning, take a shower, and put on their best clothes. They then offer the special Eid prayer in congregation in the mosque or an open space, which is followed by a sermon by the imam (religious leader). The prayer consists of two rakats (units), with additional takbeers (recitation of “Allahu Akbar”) in the beginning of each rakat.
After the prayer, Muslims exchange greetings of “Eid Mubarak” (Blessed Eid) with each other, hug and embrace each other, and distribute sweets and gifts among family, friends, and neighbors. Children receive Eidi, which is a gift of money, from elders as a sign of love and affection.
In addition to the prayer and exchange of greetings and gifts, Eid-ul-Fitr is also a time of feasting and enjoyment. Muslims prepare special dishes and desserts to share with family and friends, and visit each other’s homes to celebrate the occasion together. The atmosphere is filled with happiness, laughter, and a sense of community.
The significance of Eid-ul-Fitr lies in its religious, social, and cultural aspects. It marks the end of the month of Ramadan, which is a time of self-discipline, spiritual reflection, and purification for Muslims. The celebration of Eid-ul-Fitr is a way of expressing gratitude to Allah for the blessings of Ramadan, and a reminder to continue the spiritual practices and good deeds throughout the year.
The festival also brings Muslims together in a spirit of unity, harmony, and brotherhood, breaking down barriers of race, ethnicity, and social status. The exchange of greetings, gifts, and meals promotes the values of generosity, kindness, and compassion towards others.
Eid-ul-Fitr is also a time of cultural significance, with different countries and regions having their own unique traditions and customs. In some places, there are colorful parades, carnivals, and fireworks, while in others, there are special religious and cultural events, such as Quran recitation competitions and folk dances.
Eid-ul-Fitr is an important festival for Muslims around the world, marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan and symbolizing the values of gratitude, unity, and generosity. The celebration of Eid-ul-Fitr is a reminder to continue the spiritual and moral practices learned during Ramadan, and to strive towards a better world through compassion, kindness, and love towards all of humanity.
THE SUNAN OF THE DAY OF EID
The day of Eid-ul-Fitr is a festive occasion that marks the end of Ramadan and is celebrated by Muslims all over the world. This day is a time for joy, family, and community, as well as an opportunity for Muslims to express their gratitude to Allah for completing the month-long fast. The day of Eid is also significant for its sunan, or traditions, which are observed by Muslims in the spirit of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).
The following are some of the sunan of the day of Eid:
Taking a bath: One of the first sunan of the day of Eid is to take a bath or shower. This is done as a symbol of purity and cleanliness, as well as to prepare oneself for the day’s festivities.
Wearing new or clean clothes: Another sunnah of the day of Eid is to wear new or clean clothes. This is done as a symbol of joy and celebration, and to mark the beginning of a new phase after completing the month-long fast.
Eating dates: Eating dates is a sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and is often done before the Eid prayer. This is done to break the fast and to mark the beginning of the festive day.
Saying the Takbir: Another sunnah of the day of Eid is to say the takbir. This is a declaration of the greatness of Allah and is done to express gratitude for completing the month of fasting.
Offering the Eid prayer: The Eid prayer is a congregational prayer that is performed in the morning of the Eid day. It is an important part of the day’s festivities, and is a time for Muslims to come together and pray as a community.
Giving charity: The day of Eid is also a time for giving charity to the poor and needy. This is done as a way of sharing the joy of the day with those who are less fortunate, and to express gratitude for the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us.
Visiting family and friends: Another sunnah of the day of Eid is to visit family and friends. This is a time to strengthen relationships and to share the joy of the day with loved ones.
Overall, the sunan of the day of Eid serve as a reminder of the Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) teachings and the importance of community, charity, and gratitude in Islam. By following these traditions, Muslims can make the most of this festive occasion and deepen their connection with Allah and their fellow human beings.
METHOD OF PERFORMING EID SALAAH
Eid Salah is a special congregational prayer performed on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. It consists of two Rakats and is performed in an open space or a large gathering hall, unlike the regular daily prayers that are offered in a mosque or at home. Here is a brief overview of the method of performing Eid Salah:
Intention: As with any other prayer, it is necessary to make the intention or niyyah to perform the Eid Salah. This can be done silently in one’s heart.
Takbiratul Ihram: After making the intention, the prayer starts with the recitation of Takbiratul Ihram, which is “Allahu Akbar” or “Allah is the Greatest”. This is done by raising both hands up to the ears and saying the Takbir.
First Rakat: The first Rakat consists of seven Takbirs, including the Takbiratul Ihram. After the Takbiratul Ihram, the Imam recites Surah Al-Fatiha and a Surah from the Quran. Then, he performs five more Takbirs, raising his hands to the ears with each Takbir. After each Takbir, he pauses for a moment before reciting verses from the Quran.
Ruku and Sujood: After completing the recitation, the Imam goes into Ruku (bowing down) and then performs two Sujoods (prostrations). The congregation follows the Imam and performs Ruku and Sujood along with him.
Second Rakat: The second Rakat also consists of seven Takbirs. After reciting Surah Al-Fatiha and a Surah, the Imam performs five Takbirs, raising his hands to the ears with each Takbir. After each Takbir, he pauses for a moment before reciting verses from the Quran.
Ruku and Sujood: After completing the recitation, the Imam goes into Ruku and then performs two Sujoods. The congregation follows the Imam and performs Ruku and Sujood along with him.
Tashahhud and Salam: After completing the second Sujood of the second Rakat, the Imam sits down and recites the Tashahhud, a supplication praising Allah and sending blessings on the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Then, he says the Salam, turning his head to the right and saying “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah) and then turning his head to the left and repeating the same phrase.
Khutbah: After the prayer, the Imam delivers a sermon, which is called Khutbah. It is a time for the congregation to reflect on the blessings of Allah and to renew their commitment to Islam.
Overall, Eid Salah is a joyful and celebratory prayer that brings Muslims together to commemorate the end of Ramadan or the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him). It is an important part of the Eid festivities and serves as a reminder of the importance of unity, gratitude, and devotion to Allah.